2018 Northwest Atlantic Seal Research Consortium (NASRC) Meeting
Seals, Science and Management: Where Research and Reason Meet
Please join us for our next NASRC biennial meeting "Seals, Science and Management: Where Research and Reason Meet." Successful conservation efforts have resulted in rebounding populations of pinnipeds in the U.S., including seals in the Northwest Atlantic. Increasing numbers have brought many increasing challenges. This one-day meeting will incorporate formal scientific and informal/observational presentations, a panel discussion and a facilitated open community forum and synthesis. This meeting will build upon our previous efforts and prioritize discussion of rebounding pinniped populations and the management challenges they present including: cooperative research, measurements of recovery, multispecies predation models, how to better connect data, improve discourse and disseminate information.
The 2018 NASRC meeting is being held with the generous support of
The Pacific Marine Mammal Center, Laguna Beach CA
The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Biology Department &
Deputy Director and Vice President of Research and the NASRC community
April 27th, 2018
8:30 am-5:00 pm
UMASS Dartmouth School for Marine Science and Technology (SMAST), New Bedford, MA
DIRECTIONS and PARKING
SMAST EAST FACILITY
836 South Rodney French Blvd.
New Bedford, Massachusetts 02744-1221
Parking: NOTE- PARKING IS NOT ON SMAST CAMPUS
EAST BEACH, East Rodney French Blvd. New Bedford, MA 02744
Directions to SMAST EAST FACILITY
- Take I-195 toward New Bedford to Route 18 south.
- After several sets of lights, Route 18 becomes Water Street, then South Rodney French Boulevard.
- Continue on South Rodney French Boulevard.
- You will pass through a hurricane dike and a beach area.
- SMAST is located at the point of South Rodney French Blvd.
- Abstract deadline: by April 9th 2018. Please send abstracts to firstname.lastname@example.org
- IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING AS A PANELIST, please email email@example.com
- Registration deadline: by April 27th, 2018
- Registration limited to 80 (first come first serve, a waiting list will be generated and participants contacted). If space remains, registration may be possible on site.
Click on the box below and this link will bring you to PMMC for registation.
Full Registration Fee ($45) Student Registration Fee ($30)
We are asking for both scientific and general audiences talks on seal science and management topics. If you would like to present your topic in a non traditional format, please let us know and we can assist. Presentations will be maximum 12-15 minutes, with an opportunity for short presentations as well.
For those interested in presenting, please submit an abstract (250 word limit) following this example:
Nichols, O.C1,2, E. Eldredge3, and S.X. Cadrin1
1 UMass School for Marine Science & Technology (SMAST) Dartmouth MA, USA
2Center for Coastal Studies, Provincetown MA, USA.
3Chatham Fisheries/Monomoy Trap Co., Chatham MA, USA
Gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) have been observed feeding on fish weir catches in Nantucket Sound (Massachusetts, northeast USA). Partially consumed longfin inshore squid (Loligo pealeii) and finfish in the nets recorded in logbooks are attributable to seal depredation. A Dual-frequency Identification Sonar (DIDSON) was deployed in a weir for six ~24-hour periods in May and June 2009 to monitor diel patterns of squid and fish catches, as well as seal presence and behavior. Seal occurrence in the weir was observed throughout 24-hour periods, most frequently at night. Observations of seal and target species behavior indicated that seal presence likely affected the efficiency of the weir, disrupting the passage of schooling squid and finfish into the catch chamber. The species composition of catch and prey remnants in the weirs will be analyzed to examine seal prey preference, and photo-identification studies are planned to determine if random individual seals raid the weirs or if there is individual specialization by a select few. The above data will be used to inform the design of gear modifications to reduce depredation by excluding seals while maintaining catches of squid and fish.
MEETING RATIONALE AND NASRC WORKSHOP HISTORY
Since 2009, a series of workshops and meetings supported by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution’s Marine Mammal Center (WHOI MMC) have successfully allowed for conversations between various stakeholders on pinniped issues. One of the primary objectives of the first meeting was to bring together representatives of key interest groups from the U.S. and Canada to facilitate sharing of information and perspectives that describe relevant issues and related complexities. This meeting focused discussion on the challenges presented by pinniped populations in the northeast and improved communication. In addition we also started the process of developing tools to address the most pressing issues related to pinnipeds.
The second smaller meeting held in 2011, supported by the WHOI MMC and hosted at the Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies (PCCS), facilitated open discussion on seals among fishermen, scientists and managers. The forum format successfully encouraged discussion on stakeholder concerns as well integrative research that could address some of those concerns. From ideas presented at the first meeting and input from attendees at this second meeting, the Marine Animal Identification Network (MAIN) developed and collaborative research on fisheries and seals was initiated. Technical reports for these two meeting were peer reviewed. The reports can be found at nasrc.whoi.edu/about.
An important primary objective of both meetings was to establish an entity to aid in collaborations, discussion and long-term communication of seal research and priorities in the northeast region. Our primary objective has become a reality with the creation of the Northwest Atlantic Seal Research Consortium (NASRC) and the development of MAIN. Since the creation of the consortium, NASRC has participated in outreach and educational activities, including interviews in radio and various news media, as well as scientific conference and school presentations. NASRC has also provided expertise for a local grey seal symposium and enabled collaborative science with large scale participation in seal tagging studies. In addition to MAIN, direct projects of the consortium include a much referenced study on public health, water quality and the effect of seal haul locations. The consortium also organized a SeaSketch webinar to increase exposure of new technologies useful in ocean planning and collaborative research.
In April 2013 a small organizational meeting of 30 participants was held at Tufts Veterinary School of Veterinary Medicine in Grafton, MA. The primary focus of this meeting was on defining research priorities and forming working groups for each of the defined research priority areas. The meeting was characterized by active participation of attendees and entailed further discussions on animal-human conflict. Significant discussions on the structure and function of NASRC as a consortium and as a community were also conducted. Following this meeting, a smaller meeting on public relations and media outreach was held at WHOI. This meeting consisted of participants interested in messaging “talking points” and producing outreach material. The half day workshop resulted in a “frequently asked questions” section vetted by consortium participants posted to the NASRC website and a better sense of how to address media given the various stakeholders represented in the consortium.
Our 2015 meeting hosted at Salem State, Salem MA, addressed a diversity of topics encompassing the relationship between seals and health in the context of both the relationship of seals to ecosystem health and the health of pinnipeds as sentinel species. Despite the diversity of topics, there were many common themes, many of which represented important underlying concepts, data gaps and future directions. The themes resulting include that ecosystems include complex and often cryptic interactions between components, with cumulative and synergistic effects on animals and their environment. Ecological studies therefore need to be conducted at the appropriate spatiotemporal scale and resolution. As we strive to understand the ecological role of seals in the Northwest Atlantic, we also recognize seals can be considered as sentinels of ecosystem health. The second day of this meeting resulted in recommendations from a panel‐facilitated discussion entitled: "Addressing perception vs. reality: how data (or lack of data) affects public perceptions and management decisions." These included many recommendations centered on addressing emerging issues as populations increase.
This meeting will build upon our previous efforts and prioritize discussion of rebounding pinniped populations and the management challenges they present including: cooperative research, social science, measurements of recovery, multispecies predation models, how to better connect data, improve discourse and disseminate information. We also will address how NASRC can better achieve our mandate and fullfill our collective objectives.
PAST MEETING REPORTS
Last updated: April 23, 2018